Biostratigraphy and Sequence Stratigraphy of Campanian and Maastrichtian Succession, Qutbabad Well, Zagros (Iran)

Leila Fazli and Saeedeh Senema


The Qutbabad section of the Gurpi, Tarbur and Sachun Formations in the Fars Province (Zagros Basin) has been studied, in order to determinate its microfacies and sequence stratigraphy. On the basis of thin section studies of cores from Qutbabad Well in the Gurpi, Tarbur and Sachun Formations of the Zagros Basin, four main microfacies have been recognized within four stratigraphic sequences deposited during the Campanian to Maastrichtian. Depth and sea level changes were the main controls on the distribution of these microfacies. The microfacies are: Pelagic; Hemi-Pelagic; Outer ramp; and Middle ramp. The lowermost sequence was deposited in the Early Campanian-early Late Campanian and includes wackestone to packestone textures with biozones Globotruncanita elevate and Globotruncana ventricosa representative of the Pelagic, Hemipelagic and Outer (ramp/shelf). The intermediate and uppermost sequences (sequence two, three and four) display well developed deposits formed at the end of the Campanian (Radotruncana calcarata zone and Globotruncanella havanensis zone), beginning of the Maastrichtian (Globotruncana aegyptiaca zone and Gansserina gansseri zone) and the end of the Maastrichtian (Omphalocyclus macroporus - loftusia sp assemblage zone) on the Pelagic, Hemipelagic, Outer and Middle ramp. On the basis of the sequence stratigraphic chart, the transgression of the Upper Cretaceous Sea started from the Early Campanian and continued gradually towards the Early Maastrichtian. Then, until the end of Maastrichtian, has had regression. This resulted that the sequence stratigraphic model of the Campanian- Maastrichtian Gurpi, Tarbur and Sachun Formations has architecture similar to those that have developed from global sea level changes.

Relevant Publications in Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change