Hasan Md. Arif Raihan
Background: Plantar Fasciitis is caused by repetitive micro tearing of the plantar fascia and it is one of the most common foot complaints. The common characteristics of plantar fasciitis are pain and tenderness under the heel on weight bearing which results in limitations of physical activity. Initial treatment of plantar fasciitis always consists of conservative methods. More than 90% of patients respond favourably to conservative treatment, but symptoms often improve gradually, and complete resolution can take many months. Aim: Aim of the review is to compare the effects taping mechanism with customized foot orthosis and prefabricated foot orthosis in plantar fasciitis. Method and materials: Data sources-Electronic databases were searched (ovid [medline], embase, amed, pubmed, sportdiscus, cinahl, mantis, cochrane library, ausport and the index to chiropractic literature) from January, 2000 to December, 2016 using a predefined search strategy. Study selection-rcts, prospective. Types of participants:-We planned to include patients who were diagnosed and management age between 19 to 55 years with unilateral plantar fasciitis, and pain is typically felt on the first step in the morning. We excluded bilateral plantar fasciitis. Types of intervention-We included all types of taping management for plantar fasciitis, customized foot orthosis and prefabricated foot orthosis for plantar fasciitis. Types of outcome measure-We examined outcome over the long term follow up. Outcome measures-Pain and foot function index. Data Extraction: The data were extracted independently by authors using the same data extraction table. The data tables were then compared and any difference in the data collection was further scrutinized until resolution was found. Demographic data were collected pertaining to the subjects within the selected studies, as were the outcome measures utilized and the results of the within-group changes for each treatment arm of interest. Data relevant to the information utilized by the PEDro instrument were also collected. Discussion and conclusion: Foot orthoses having more positive result for treatment of plantar fasciitis. Low dye taping is used as a temporary support. Most of the study was in favoured for foot orthoses.