Edgar Ricardo Monroy-Vargas
Groundwater has always been used as an alternative supply to surface water. Normally, the volume of water stored in the aquifers is very large, compared to the recharge flow, this implies that the dwelling time of groundwater in aquifers is much higher than that of surface water in its reservoir (rivers and lakes). The aquifer in Puerto Boyacá, Colombia, is in an area hit by violence following the armed conflict between the National Government and the Revolutionary Forces of Colombia FARC, supplies the municipality of Puerto Boyaca with water, in a high percentage. For this reason, it is necessary to know the aquifer´s behavior through a conceptual approach of the hydrogeological model that governs the water flow, from the identification and evaluation of the main geological, hydrological, and climatic variables; in order to develop a proper monitoring and control of the management and behavior of this aquifer by the environmental authority.