Low reaction-to-fire polymer filament : formulation, 3D printability modeling and fire testing of materials

Thomas NAZE


Additive manufacturing and especially Fused Filament Fab­rication (FFF) technology is mature enough for industriali­sation. Indeed, many works about new composite filaments for 3D-printing and3D-printability are reported1, 2.However most of them only focus on one specific aspect such as tem­perature changes3, bond formation4 or rheology5instead of performing a systemic approach. In addition to this, fewpa­persdeal with 3D printing and fire properties6. The objec­tive of this studyis to develop new filament for FDM/FFF with low reaction to fire in order to fulfil the rail and aero­nautic fire requirements. First, the development of a proper definition of 3D-printability and of a mathematical model to determine this 3D-printability was investigated. All the parameters influencing the 3D-printability were determined and the Buckingham theory was applied to determine the dimensionless numbers influencing this 3D-printability. The impact of the 3D-printing parameters on the fire perfor­mances was then evaluated via UL94 (standardized vertical flame propagation) and cone calorimeter (heat release rate under radiative heat flux) tests. Finally, formulations were developed in order to satisfy all requirements in rail and aeronautic industry and others.

Relevant Publications in European Journal of Applied Engineering and Scientific Research