Special Issue Article
Hospital infections are one of the most significant challenges in modern medicine and represent a significant health problem in developed countries and even greater in developing countries. They complicate treatment, increasing the number of hospitalization days and treatment costs, and are often accompanied by fatal outcomes. As they occur during hospitalization, they are certainly an accurate indicator of the quality of work of a healthcare facility. Today, BI prevention and control programs have become an integral part of daily practice in health care settings. One of the main activities in the modern BI strategy is the implementation of BI surveillance. BI control is defined as the continuous collection (detection and registration), processing, comparison, interpretation and submission of BI data. The primary goal of BI surveillance is their prevention and control. In the future, the most energy needs to be invested in the prevention and control programs of classical, most common, bacteria-causing BI: urinary tract infections, hospital pneumonias, site operating infections (IOM), and hospital blood infections.