Mohd. Abul Kalam Azad
A hot climate country like Bangladesh suffers a lot for the deterioration and spoilage issues of raw liquid milk almost around the year. Naturally ,raw milk may carry harmful bacteria as Salmonella , E. coli ,Listeria , Mycobacterium tuberculosis ,etc. which are responsible for various types of food borne diseases. These harmful bacteria can seriously affect the health of anyone who drinks raw milk, or eats foods made from raw milk. Thus we may make raw milk safe after using pasteurization technology. Dairying in Bangladesh is generally characterized by small scale, widely dispersed and unorganized milk animal holders ,low productivity, lack of assured year-round remunerative producer price for raw milk, inadequate basic infrastructure for provision of production inputs , services and above all lack of professional management practices. According to DLS/2018 report , year round raw liquid milk requirement is 15.04 million metric tons , production is 9.41 million metric tons (62.56% of requirement) and deficit is 5.63 million metric tons (37.43% of requirement) in Bangladesh. . Our motto goes to the nutrition thrust people for availing the required quantity of fresh milk covering the said shortages. The per capita consumption of liquid milk is only 128 ml/day beyond the requirement 250 ml/day. In Bangladesh about 15 branded milk processing organizations are producing only 0.5 million metric tons pasteurized milk and selling in the capital city Dhaka and other big cities where state controlled organization Milk Vita playing a pioneering rule for combating malnutrition through consuming pasteurized liquid milk in Bangladesh. Nowadays ,a huge consumer awareness are booming in Bangladesh for drinking hygienically sound pasteurized milk instead of raw milk by which actually the nutrition thrust people are engaging themselves for combating malnutrition .