Chemistry is the fundamental and the most basic among the pure sciences that sets the foundation for various interdisciplinary areas for research and exploration. In collaboration with other sciences, chemistry produces vast information including inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, organic chemistry, industrial chemistry, medicinal chemistry, modern chemistry and crystallographic studies, etc. These sub sects have extensive applications on industries, agriculture, medicine etc. Right from the very ordinary and daily activities like cooking and digesting the food in the intestine to unusual atmospheric phenomena like rains and seasonal changes, chemical activity plays a vital role in streamlining the life on this planet Earth. The importance of the basic chemical elements like oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, methane and nitrogen need not be over emphasized as they ate essential for the entire biological practice involving growth, decay and biodegradation. Coupled with the innovative technological advancements, chemistry is advancing the best biological, medical, pharmaceutical and industrial practices and applications to improve the quality of living on the earth.